In this article: Show
- What models are affected?
- Signs and symptoms of a fuel pump fault
- What OBD codes may appear due to the fuel pump not working?
- Check the fuel supply lines and pump
- Most likely causes
- Can it be fixed without a mechanic?
- Parts you’ll need
- Tools you’ll need
- How to fix it
- Alternative causes of fuel pump problems
Range Rover fuel pump problems and symptoms consist of difficulty starting the engine, loss of power or acceleration while driving, engine stalling or shutting off, loud whining or humming noise from the fuel tank, warning lights, such as the “check engine” light, coming on, and reduced fuel efficiency or increased fuel consumption.
I had a ‘P0088 fuel rail/system pressure – too high‘ one time when I had a low amount of diesel in my tank, and that is the best giveaway that there is a problem with your fuel pump.
In this article, I’ll explore the signs, symptoms, and causes of a failing fuel pump, as well as the steps you can take to fix it.
What models are affected?
- Land Rover Defender
- Range Rover Discovery
- Range Rover Evoque
- Range Rover Sport
- Range Rover Velar
- Range Rover Vogue
Signs and symptoms of a fuel pump fault
- Difficulty starting the engine or a lack of power when accelerating
- Stalling or sputtering while driving
- Unusual noises coming from the fuel tank area
- Warning lights or codes on the dashboard, such as a “low fuel pressure” or “fuel pump malfunction” code
What OBD codes may appear due to the fuel pump not working?
The OBD codes that may appear due to a malfunctioning fuel pump on a Range Rover may include:
- P0087: Fuel Rail/System Pressure – Too Low
- P0088: Fuel Rail/System Pressure – Too High
- P0191: Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Range/Performance
- P0192: Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit Low Input
- P0193: Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor Circuit High Input
- P0230: Fuel Pump Primary Circuit Malfunction
- P0231: Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit Malfunction
- P1235: Fuel Pump Control Circuit Malfunction
- P1237: Fuel Pump Control Out of Range
- P1238: Fuel Pump Control Circuit High
- P1239: Fuel Pump Control Circuit Low
Check the fuel supply lines and pump
Most likely causes
- Clogged fuel filter
- Malfunctioning fuel pressure regulator
- Worn or damaged fuel pump
- Faulty wiring or connections
Can it be fixed without a mechanic?
In some cases, a failing fuel pump can be diagnosed and repaired without the help of a mechanic. For example, a clogged fuel filter can often be easily replaced, and worn or damaged wiring can often be repaired or replaced.
However, a mechanic’s expertise may be required in other cases, such as a malfunctioning fuel pressure regulator or a damaged fuel pump.
Parts you’ll need
- Replacement fuel pump
- Replacement fuel filter
- Replacement fuel pressure regulator (if applicable)
- Replacement wiring or connections (if applicable)
Tools you’ll need
- Basic hand tools such as pliers, wrenches, and sockets
- Fuel pressure gauge
- Fuel pump removal tool (if applicable)
How to fix it
- Disconnect the battery and relieve the fuel system pressure.
- Raise and support the vehicle.
- Remove the fuel pump.
- Replace the fuel pump and filter.
- Reinstall the fuel pump.
- Connect the battery and test the fuel system for leaks.
- Start the engine and check for proper operation
Alternative causes of fuel pump problems
Clogged fuel tank vent valve
The fuel tank vent valve, also known as the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) vent valve, is responsible for allowing air to enter the fuel tank as fuel is consumed.
This prevents a vacuum from forming inside the tank, which could hinder proper fuel flow to the engine. If the vent valve becomes clogged or stuck, it can cause pressure imbalances within the fuel system.
This pressure imbalance might lead to difficulty in fuel pump operation, potentially causing fuel delivery issues and affecting the fuel gauge accuracy.
Damaged fuel tank
A damaged fuel tank can result from impacts, corrosion, or other physical factors. A crack or hole in the fuel tank can cause fuel leakage, affecting the fuel pump’s ability to draw in fuel effectively.
Fuel leaks not only waste fuel but can also lead to safety hazards.
Sometimes, a damaged fuel tank might disrupt the proper functioning of the fuel level sensor, causing erratic fuel gauge readings.
Read this: How to reset Range Rover fuel gauge
Malfunctioning fuel level sensor
The fuel level sensor is responsible for measuring the amount of fuel in the tank and sending this information to the fuel gauge on the dashboard.
If the sensor malfunctions, it might provide inaccurate readings, causing the fuel gauge to display incorrect fuel levels. This issue can lead to running out of fuel unexpectedly or mistakenly refueling when it’s not necessary.
Malfunctions can be due to sensor wiring problems, sensor failure, or issues with the signal transmission between the sensor and the gauge.
What are the signs of a bad fuel pump?
Difficulty starting the engine, loss of power or acceleration while driving, engine stalling or shutting off, loud whining or humming noise from the fuel tank, warning lights, such as the check engine light, coming on, and reduced fuel efficiency or increased fuel consumption.
Can a fuel pump go bad without warning?
A fuel pump can go bad without warning, but it is more likely that there to be warning signs before the pump completely fails. Gradual wear and tear on the pump can cause it to function less efficiently, resulting in the warning above signs. Regular maintenance and check-ups on the fuel pump can help detect potential issues before they become major problems.
A failing fuel pump can cause a variety of problems for your Range Rover, from poor performance to complete engine failure.
By being aware of the signs, symptoms, and causes of a failing fuel pump, you can take steps to diagnose and repair the problem before it becomes a major issue.
Once you have sorted your problem out, you should know when your Range Rover’s fuel pump should be changed.
With the right tools, parts, and knowledge, some repairs can be made without the help of a mechanic, but in other cases, a mechanic’s expertise may be required.
Last updated and verified on 4th September 2023